Asbestos Lung Cancer | 5 Asbestos Hazards to human Health and Respiratory

Asbestos Lung CancerLung cancer is a disease with the presence of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. If not treated, the growth of these cells can spread outside of the lung through a process called metastasis tothe nearest network or other parts of the body. Most cancers that begin in the lungs, known as the primary lung cancer is carcinoma originating from the epithelial cells. The main types of lung cancer which is the SCLC (small cell lung cancer), or also known as wheat, and cell cancer NSCLC (non-lung cancer-small cell). The most common symptom is coughing (including coughing up blood), weight down and shortness of breath. 

Asbestos Lung Cancer

The most common cause of lung cancer is exposure to a long period of time against tobacco smoke,  which causes of 80 90% of lung cancer. not a smoker reach 10-15% of cases of lung cancer, and the case is usually caused by a combination of genetic factors, radon gas  asbestos, and air pollution [4] including passive smoking. lung cancer can be seen through the chest x-rays and computer tomography (CT scan). the diagnosis can be ascertained with a biopsy which is usually done through a procedureBronchoscopy or CT-guided with. The care and outcomes in the long term depends on the type of cancer, the stage (degree of spread), and the State of health of the patient as a whole, measured on the basis of the General conditions.

Treatment usually includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. NSCLC is usually treated surgically, while SCLC generally providebetter response against chemotherapy and radiotherapy. overall, 15% of the population in the United States undiagnosed lung cancer reached a life expectancy five years after diagnosis. globally, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in men and women, and is responsible for 1.38 million deaths annually, until 2008

Asbestos Lung Cancer

Asbestos Lung Cancer

5 Asbestos Hazards to human Health and Respiratory

In daily life, we may never find the home or buildings other buildings that use asbestos as the roof of the building. Asbestos or asbestos is actually a one of a kind items mine composed of magnesium, calcium, and fiber in the form of silicates. Asbestos mining has been carried out sejah 4,000 years ago, but asbestos mining in large scale recently performed at the end of the 19th century.

Asbestos Lung Cancer

In 2009 there were about 2 million tons of asbestos has been minedthroughout the world, with most major manufacturers is Russia which accounts for approximately 50% of asbestos in the world market.The use of asbestos continues to experience increased until the 20th century, namely as the roof of the building, electrical cables, insulation coatings, as well as some of the components of a motorcycle such as brake shoes, clutch shoes, and more. This is most likely to occur because some of the advantages possessed by the nature of the material. As for the superiority of asbestos among others are:

More powerful

Fireproof and heat, and other chemical substances

The price is more affordable

The Dangers Of Asbestos

Behind the excellenceexcellence physical properties owned by asbestos, it turns out there’s a startling findings stating that asbestos dust has the effect of a deadly karsiogenik (sudden death). When asbestos is damaged, either at the time the mining as well as at the time of its use, it will make the fibers of asbestos (asbestos dust) regardless to the air. And if the fibers or the dust inhaled or ingested, thedust settles in the lungs or abdominal section that later can cause irritation. The symptoms experienced by those who could potentiallydevelop asbestos-related diseases may not be felt immediately after exposure, but the condition can occur in a period of many years.

 Asbestos Lung Cancer

Exposure to asbestos dust can occur anywhere such as:

In the workplace

Most of the people exposed to asbestos dust exposure in the workplace they like in mines, shipyards, construction sites, oil refineries, steel mills, power plants, automotive industry, etc.

Outside the workplace

Not all asbestos dust exposure occurs in the workplace, some conditions may lead to the occurrence of such exposure, such as: consume water that has been contaminated by asbestos dust, using products made from asbestos, etc

Paraoccupational exposure

A person who is exposed to asbestos dust exposure either in clothes, shoes, skin, hair, or other body parts may increase the risk of other people such as members of the family to get the exposure, that is affected by the time they make contact with the object-object affected by exposure to asbestos dust.

As for some diseases that are caused by exposure to asbestos dustare:

Lung cancer

As with smoking, asbestos dust is also one of the causes of the occurrence of lung cancer. As we know that asbestos is a fibrous mineral that can produce dust in certain conditions such as at the time ofasbestos damage. And when inhaled, then in a long period of time the dust will undergo precipitation in parts of the lungs. In this case,the dust will settle parts of the bronchiolus or respiratory tract wall later in advanced stage may spread to the other organs of the body.

Mesothelioma

Due to exposure to high intensity and in quite a long period of time(about 30 to 40 years), the asbestos dust can manifest to cause mesothelioma, i.e. a type of cancer that attacks the part of the mesothelium is a protective layer that surrounds the part of the stomach, lung, breast, and other body internal organs. Asbestos dust can damage the DNA of the mesothelium, so that the condition will interfere with cell growth. if viewed from the dipengaruhinya organs, mesothelioma is distinguished into three types, namely:

Asbestos Lung Cancer

2. a. pleural Mesothelioma

That is a rare cancer that affects lung protector in the chest cavity. Someone who was diagnosed with this disease, can experience some of the symptoms such as:

Chest pain under rib cage

A painful cough

Shortness of breath

The incidence of a lump under the skin of the chest tissues

Weight loss

2. b peritoneal Mesothelioma

That is a rare cancer that affects the area of the abdominal cavity. As for the symptoms experienced by sufferers include:

The onset of pain in the abdomen

Swelling in the abdomen

The incidence of a lump in the abdomen

Weight loss

2. c pericardial Mesothelioma

That is a rare cancer that affects the part of the cavity of the heart. Symptoms arising among others are:

Shortness of breath

Pain in the chest

Mesothelioma can cause a variety of complications, such as:

Trouble breathing

Timbunya pain in the chest

Difficulty when swallowing

The onset of swelling of the face and neck due to pressure from themajor veins of the upper body that leads to the heart.

The incidence of pain due to pressure on the nerves and spinal cord

A buildup of fluid in the chest that can eventually obstruct the working of the lungs so that it will be difficult for sufferers to breathe.

3. Asbestosis

This is a disease that occurs due to the incidence of scarring at theLung Respiratory like shortness of breath, as well as disruption of oxygen when entered into the blood. Someone who has diagnosed asbestosis can experience some of the symptoms such as:

Shortness of breath

Coughing continuously

Tightness and pain arising in the chest

Loss of appetite

The onset of the sound in the lungs when breathing.

There is no cure for this penyaki. However, the doctor will help patients to cope with symptoms that may arise, such as oxygen therapy for patients who experience shortness of breath as well as have the levels of oxygen in the blood is low.

4. Pleural Plaque

Other harmful impacts from exposure to asbestos is the onset of swelling in the lining of the lungs. When a person is exposed to asbestos dust, then it will cause the incidence of scarring and inflammation in the lungs. These conditions will eventually lead to the onset ofpleural plaques. Asbestos exposure which occurs continuously pleural plaques will make be continues to grow and the condition can lead to lung capacity being reduced. A pleural plaque sufferers may not experience any symptoms, but in some cases the symptoms that may be experienced by sufferers of this disease include:

Shortness Of Breath

Chest shortness of breath

Impaired lung function

In General, the disease occurred in the parietal pleura, as the lower part of the chest, sparing apex, as well as kostofrenikus. But the pleural plaques are also often found in the mediastinal pleura, and rare in the visceral pleura.

5. pleural Effusion

This is a disease which is caused by accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity that occurs in abnormal or excessive. This condition is one of the complications of the disease mesothelioma. The pleural cavity is the part located between the membranes that line the lungs. This disease can cause a terhambatnya lung function, so that the patient will experience difficulty in breathing.

In most cases, pleural effusion did not show any symptoms. However, the symptoms that often arises from this is: penyekit

Shortness of breath

The onset of pain in the chest, especially on the part of the chest wall (above the occurrence of inflammation). But the pain could also arise in the upper abdomen, neck, and shoulder part. The pain may disappear along with increased fluid in the pleural cavity.

Cough

Hiccup

Fever

Rapid breathing

Asbestos Lung Cancer

Control Of The Risks Of Asbestos Exposure

From the explanation above, we can know that the use of asbestoshas a variety of risk incidence of dangerous diseases. To that end, the need for measures of anticipation so that we or our closest people avoid exposure to fiber asber. As for the effortthe time between upata are:

Replacing materials containing asbestos with safer materials for building construction. For example with kalsiboard, ardex, or plasterboard with zinc.

Equip yourself with the tools of safety such as masks, gloves, goggles, clothes locker at the time doing work that requires direct contactwith asbestos

Do replacement of asbestos material that has been damaged by the new

To avoid the release of asbestos fibers, asbestos should be paintedbefore it was applied.

Did watering asbestos material at the time and after work.

Keep children from materials containing asbestos

Minimize direct contact with asbestos

Give space delimiters between asbestos with other spaces.

Do not mix with other waste asbestos waste

Avoid burning the waste asbestos or dispose of the waste in a special place.

Asbestos Lung Cancer

Although not all materials made of asbestos may cause harmful effects to health, but it’s good if we were more cautious.

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