High Blood Pressure – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

High Blood Pressure – Symptoms, Causes And TreatmentHigh blood pressure is a chronic condition in which the blood pressure in the artery wall (vascular net) increased. This condition is known as “the silent killer” because it rarely has obvious symptoms. The only way to tell if you have hypertension is to measure blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

If you have not checked out and do not know your blood pressure, ask your doctor to examine him. All adults should check their blood pressure at least every five years.

Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2013 showed that people with hypertension are aged over 18 years reached 25.8 percent of the total population of Indonesia. Of that number, patient hipretensi 6 percent more women than men. While that is diagnosed by health workers only account for about 9.4 percent. This means there is still a lot of people with hypertension are not affordable and diagnosed by health personnel and do not undergo treatment as recommended by health professionals. It causes hypertension as one of the leading causes of death in Indonesia.

High Blood Pressure

Suffering from Hypertension Risk

The cause of hypertension can not be ascertained in more than 90 percent of cases. With age, your chances of suffering from hypertension will increase. The following are the trigger factors which allegedly can affect an increased risk of hypertension.
Aged over 65 years.
Eating a lot of salt.
Overweight.
Having a family with hypertension.
Eating less fruit and vegetables.
Rarely exercise.
Drinking too much coffee (or other drinks containing caffeine).
Too much consumption of liquor.

The risk of hypertension can be reduced by changing things up and implement a healthier lifestyle. Regular blood pressure checks can also help diagnosis at an early stage. Diagnosis of hypertension as early as possible will increase the chances for lowering blood pressure to a normal level. This can be done by changing the lifestyle to become healthier without the need to take medication.

Measuring blood pressure

Pressing force of blood in the artery wall when pumped by the heart to the body determines the size of the blood pressure. The pressure that is too high will overload your arteries and heart, so that people with hypertension could potentially have a heart attack, stroke, or kidney disease.

Measurement of blood pressure in a dose per millimeter of mercury (mmHg) and recorded in two numbers, the systolic and diastolic pressures. The systolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart beats to pump blood out. While diastolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart does not contract (relaxation phase). Currently just blood that is pumped out of the heart (systolic pressure), located in the arteries and diastolic blood pressure also shows the strength of the walls of arteries resist the blood flow rate.

Your blood pressure is 130 per 90 or 130/90 mmHg, then you have a systolic pressure of 130 mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg. Normal numbers of blood pressure is under 120/80 mmHg.

You will be considered to be suffering from hypertension or high blood pressure if the results of several examinations, keep your blood pressure reaches 140/90 mmHg or higher.

Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension

If your blood pressure is high, monitor closely until the rate has declined and can be controlled properly. Doctors usually recommend changes in lifestyle, including in the treatment of hypertension as well prevention. The move could be implemented through:
Eating a healthy diet.
Reduce consumption of salt and caffeine.
Quit smoking.
Exercise regularly.
Lose weight, if necessary.
Reducing the consumption of liquor.

High Blood Pressure – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Prevent hypertension is easier and cheaper than treatment. Therefore, prevention should be done as early as possible. If left in place too long, hypertension can lead to complications that can even be life-threatening infected.

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